March 26, 2020 Contributors


msys.db.execute — Execute a query that is not expected to return data



success, errmsg = msys.db.execute(cachename, query, queryparams, options);

cachename: string
query: string
queryparams: table (optional)
options: table (optional)


Execute a query that is not expected to return data. The parameters are as follows:

  • cachename the name of the datasource cache to be queried

  • query the query to be presented to the cache

    The query may use placeholder characters in the form :name, ? or $name depending on the underlying driver. If the ?placeholder is used, then queryparams must be a table with numeric keys, with index 1 corresponding to the first ? in the query string. Otherwise, the keys must be string keys with names that match up to the defined parameters. For instance, $name or :name expect to find a parameter in the table using the key name; the leading $ or : is removed before looking up the value.

  • queryparams a Lua table object with parameters to bind into the query


    The SQL standard requires the use of the "IS [NOT] NULL" syntax in a predicate for matching against NULL. A predicate "field_name = ?" would result in an error if a query parameter is NULL. A Lua nil is equivalent to an SQL NULL.

  • options a Lua table object containing additional options that affect this query.

If options is specified, it must be a table. The following options are permitted:

  • nocache This is a boolean. If set to true, bypass the cache and force the query to be presented to the underlying datasource.

  • raise_error This is a boolean. If set to true, raise an exception (lua_error) on error containing the error string. The default value is true.

If the query succeeds, it returns true.

If the query fails, it returns false. In this case, a second return value, errmsg, is a string indicating what failed.

If the query fails and raise_error is set to true an exception is raised.

The idiom for issuing a query and working with the results is:


local success, errmsg;
local cache, query, raise_error;

  success, errmsg = msys.db.execute (cache, query, nil, { raise_error = false });
  if (success == true) then
    print ("Query succeeded");
  elseif (success == false) then
    print ("Query failed: " .. errmsg);
    print ("Unknown state");


The data cache used in the preceding example must be defined in your configuration file. For more information see “ds_core – Datasource Query Core”.

See Also

msys.db.query, msys.db.fetch_row, “Implementing Policy Using Scriptlets”